Understanding the Appraisal ProcessA home purchase can be the most significant investment some of us might ever consider. It doesn't matter if it's a main residence, a second vacation property or a rental fixer upper, purchasing real property is a complex financial transaction that requires multiple parties to pull it all off.
It's likely you are familiar with the parties having a role in the transaction. The real estate agent is the most familiar person in the exchange. Next, the lender provides the financial capital needed to fund the deal. The title company sees to it that all details of the sale are completed and that the title is clear to transfer from the seller to the buyer.
So what party is responsible for making sure the value of the property is in line with the amount being paid? This is where you meet the appraiser. We provide an unbiased opinion of what a buyer could expect to pay - or a seller receive - for a parcel of real estate, where both buyer and seller are informed parties. A professional Nebraska licensed appraiser from Camass Appraisal will ensure you as an interested party are informed.
Inspecting the subject propertyOur first responsibility at Camass Appraisal is to inspect the property to determine its true status. We must see aspects of the property hands on, such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the location, and so on, to ensure they truly are there and are in the shape a typical buyer would expect them to be. To ensure the stated size of the property has not been misrepresented and convey the layout of the property, the inspection often entails creating a sketch of the floor plan. Most importantly, we look for any obvious features - or defects - that would affect the value of the property.
Next, after the inspection, we use two or three approaches when determining the value of the property: a paired sales analysis, a replacement cost calculation, and an income approach when rental properties are prevalent.
Replacement CostHere, the appraiser pulls information on local construction costs, the cost of labor and other factors to determine how much it would cost to construct a property nearly identical to the one being appraised. This figure often sets the upper limit on what a property would sell for. It's also the least used predictor of value.
Analyzing Comparable SalesAppraisers can tell you a lot about the communities in which they work. We thoroughly understand the value of specific features to the homeowners of that area. Then, the appraiser researches recent transactions in the neighborhood and finds properties which are 'comparable' to the home in question. By assigning a dollar value to certain items such as square footage, additional bathrooms, hardwood floors, fireplaces or view lots (just to name a few), we adjust the comparable properties so that they more accurately portray the features of subject.
Valuation Using the Income ApproachIn the case of income producing properties - rental houses for example - we may use a third method of valuing a house. In this case, the amount of income the property produces is taken into consideration along with income produced by comparable properties to determine the current value.
Coming Up With the Final ValueCombining information from all approaches, the appraiser is then ready to state an estimated market value for the subject property. The estimate of value on the appraisal report is not necessarily the final sales price even though it is likely the best indication of what a property could sell for in an open market. It's not uncommon for prices to be driven up or down by extenuating circumstances like the motivation or urgency of a seller or 'bidding wars'. Regardless, the appraised value is typically employed as a guideline for lenders who don't want to loan a buyer more money than the property would likely sell for in an open marketplace. The bottom line is: An appraiser from Camass Appraisal will guarantee you get the most accurate property value, so you can make profitable real estate decisions.